Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of exercises requiring strength, flexibility, balance and control. Internationally, all events are governed by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG). Each country has its own national governing body (BIW) affiliated to FIG. Other FIG disciplines include: rhythmic gymnastics, trampolining and tumbling, and aerobic gymnastics.
Artistic gymnastics is the best known of the gymnastic events. It typically involves:
– uneven bars
– balance beam
– floor exercise
The athletes compete on different apparatus – balance beam, pommel horse, parallel bars, rings – in individual and team events, six for women.
Artistic Gymnastics has been in the Games since Athens 1896
Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport in which individuals or groups of 5 or more manipulate one or two pieces of apparatus: clubs, hoop, ball, ribbon, rope and freehand (no apparatus). Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport that combines elements of ballet, gymnastics, dance, and apparatus manipulation. The victor is the participant who earns the most points, determined by a panel of judges, for leaps, balances, pirouettes (pivots), apparatus handling, and execution. The choreography must cover the entire floor and contain a balance of jumps, leaps, pivots, balances (there is a certain number depending on which level you are) and flexibility movements. Each movement involves a high degree of athletic skill. Physical abilities needed by a rhythmic gymnast include strength, power, flexibility, agility, dexterity, endurance and hand-eye coordination. Accompanied by music, athletes perform in individual or team events.
This graceful women-only discipline made its Olympic debut at the 1984 Los Angeles Games
The sport is governed by the FIG, which designs the Code of Points and regulates all aspects of international elite competition. The largest events in the sport are the Olympic Games, World Championships, European Championships, World Cup and Grand-Prix Series.
Trampolining is a competitive Olympic sport in which gymnasts perform acrobatics while bouncing on a trampoline.These can include simple jumps in the pike, tuck or straddle position to more complex combinations of forward or backward somersaults and twists. There are three related competitive rebound sports, synchronized trampoline, tumbling (or power tumbling) and double mini-trampoline.
The aim is to bounce on a trampoline to heights of eight metres. Athletes perform acrobatic movements such as twists and somersaults in mid-air, and are awarded points for difficulty, execution and flight time.
Rosie MacLennan (CAN) is the 2012 Olympic Champion in Trampoline
Trampoline made its Olympic debut in the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games
Gymnastics events have been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens. Beginning at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, women were allowed to compete in artistic gymnastics events. Rhythmic gymnastics events were introduced at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, and Trampolining events were added at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.
2016 Rio Olympic Games
Artistic Gymnastics August 6-11 & 14-16
Rhythmic Gymnastics August 19-21
Trampoline August 12-13